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Highland-Overlee Knolls Historic District, Arlington Co.

This district encapsulates residential subdivision design and development from the late 19th century through to the mid-20th century. A suburb of Washington D.C., the district was established with the arrival of the railroad and streetcar, first with Fostoria in 1890. The district expanded during the first half of the 20th century with the advent of more rails, and later buses and cars. Highland-Overlee Knolls combines several subdivisions, additions, and re-subdivisions, which embraced the fundamentals of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). It provides one of the best illustrations in Arlington County of how the FHA influenced neighborhood planning and the Better Homes movement fostered residential development within the individual subdivisions. It is home to one of the county’s earliest FHA-insured subdivisions, Parkhurst, which was constructed in three phases between 1938 and 1940. Architecturally, Highland Park-Overlee Knolls reflects nationwide housing trends from the last quarter of the 19th century through to the mid-20th century in residential building forms, styles, and materials. The district also points to the county's burgeoning growth during that era as residents employed by the military and federal government moved to the area.