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Lansdowne, Spotsylvania Co.

Built around 1755 and acquired in 1772 by James Mercer, a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1779, Lansdowne today consists of 12 acres and abuts Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Battlefields National Military Park. It was witness to the Civil War battles of Fredericksburg I and II, and Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood used Lansdowne in 1863 to host a court martial proceeding. The house underwent expansions in early 19th century and in the 1950s but retains its original functional and ornamental building materials. A circa 1920 board-and-batten barn, an historic road trace and landscape elements such as boxwoods and a terraced hillside also are on the property.