Calvert: Top Row: tuff, rhyolite, quartz; Middle Row: chert, quartzite, quartz, quartz, Bottom Row: quartzite, quartzite, quartz, rhyolite, chert.
Type Square Early Woodland
The Calvert is a typically short, thick, wide point with rudimentary shoulders, parallel sided or slightly contracting stem, and a straight or slightly rounded base. The stem often comprises 30 to 50 percent of the total length.
The Calvert point dates to the Early Woodland period, 1200 to 500 BCE. Waselkov (1982) obtained three radiocarbon dates on Calvert points, in association with Bushnell Plain pottery.
Stephenson placed the Calvert type in the Early Woodland and said that it was closely related to the Vernon (1963). This type is similar to the Gypsy type defined by Oliver (1981) in North Carolina. This illustrates the reduction in size of points that was occurring across much of the East Coast of the United States at this period of time.
Defined in Literature
This type was originally defined by Stephenson (1963) based on points recovered from the Accokeek Creek Site in Maryland.