Cattle Run: tuff, rhyolite, rhyolite.
Cattle Run: Top Row: tuff, rhyolite; Bottom Row: all quartzite.
Type Tapering Late-Archaic
The Cattle Run is a large, well made, broad ovate to lanceolate-bladed point/tool. It has a distinctly short, contracting stem which terminates in a straight to excurvate shaped base.
The Cattle Run point dates to the Late Archaic period, probably 2000 to 1200 BCE.
Geier (1996) identified this type at the Cattle Run Site in Chesterfield County, Virginia as a stylistic variant of the local Savannah River tradition. Geier noted that these points exhibited blade range characteristics of the Savannah River type originally defined by Coe (1964), except these points possessed a very short, rounded "bathtub shaped haft element." Of the 36 points of this type recovered from the Cattle Run Site, 21 were found in direct association with points of a more traditional Savannah River type. The Cattle Run point is similar to the Koens-Crispin point in New Jersey (Cross 1941). McAvoy (1997) described a similar point, called Island Swamp, from research along the Nottoway River in Virginia. The Cattle Run point is the widest biface made in Virginia, considerable wider than most Savannah River points. It took great flint knapping ability to manufacture such a point.
Defined in Literature
This type was originally defined by Geier (1996) based on points recovered from the Cattle Run Site (44CF257) in Chesterfield County, Virginia. Variations among the Savannah River type were previously noted (Coe 1964, Claflin 1931) but this specific variant was never formally defined as a type until 1996.