Ft. Nottoway: quartzite, quartzite preform, rhyolite retouched.
Ft. Nottoway: William Allgood Collection; Top Row: all quartzite; Bottom Row: rhyolite, quartzite, quartzite.
Big Sandy: Top Row: rhyolite, chert, chert; Bottom Row: chert, mylonite, chert.
Kessell: Both chert
Type Side Notched Early-Archaic
The Fort Nottoway is a medium to large, square base, side notched point with beveled and serrated edges.
The Fort Nottoway point dates to the Early Archaic period, 7000 to 6700 BCE. McAvoy obtained radiocarbon dates of 6970 +/- 65 and 6850 +/-120 BCE from the Cactus Hill Site (44SX0202) for this type
The Fort Nottoway point is similar to the early Big Sandy point as described by Lewis and Lewis (1961) at the Eva Site in Tennessee. The Kessell Side Notched point, reported by Broyles (1971) at the St. Albans Site, West Virginia is also similar. However, the Kessell point at the St. Albans Site was dated at 7900 BCE, a thousand years earlier than the Fort Nottoway point. Gardner (1988) described a similar side-notched point that he defined as Warren. A date of 7300 BCE was obtained at the Thunderbird Complex in Warren County, Virginia from a zone separating earlier corner-notched from later Warren side notched points.
Defined in Literature
McAvoy defined the Fort Nottoway point from examples found along the Nottoway River, Virginia.