Kirk Stemmed: Tow Row: quartzite, quartzite, rhyolite, rhyolite; Bottom Row: quartzite, quartzite, quartzite, rhyolite, tuff.
Type Corner Notched Early-Archaic
The Kirk Stemmed point has a long, dagger-like blade with deep serrations and a broad stem.
The Kirk Stemmed point dates to the Early Archaic period, 6800 to 6100 BCE. Coe (1964) considers this type to be midway between the Kirk Corner Notched and the Kirk Serrated types. Broyles (1971) dates this type to around 6800 BCE based on excavations at the St. Albans site in Kanawha County West Virginia.
Coe (1964) placed the point between Kirk Corner Notched and Kirk Serrated types. McAvoy (1997) along the Nottoway River, Virginia places the type at 6700 BCE.
Defined in Literature
Coe (1964) originally defined the type based on points recovered from the Hardaway Site in the Piedmont of North Carolina. Broyles (1971) also discusses this point type based on points recovered from the St. Albans site in West Virginia.