Virginia Atlas of ArchaeologyWestern Region

Bedford City/County Museum
201 E. Main Street
Bedford, VA 24523
(540) 586-4520

This history museum contains an Indian Room with Native American artifacts spanning 8,000 years of Bedford County history and Civil War relics.

Open year-around Monday - Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; closed holidays.  Free admission.

Carroll County Historical Society Museum
307 N. Main Street
Hillsville, Virginia 24343
(276) 728-4113 (History Link)

The museum exhibits material related to the nineteenth and twentieth century history of Carroll County.  Prehistoric artifacts of Archaic and Woodland cultures and historic artifacts from the Texas House Hotel and Carroll County Courthouse excavations are on exhibit.

Open year-round Tuesday - Friday, 10:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., and Saturday, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.  Closed Sunday and Monday. Free admission.

Glencoe Museum
P.O. Box 3339
600 Unruh Drive
Radford, VA 24143
(540) 731-5031

Glencoe, the home of Gabriel and Anne Wharton, was constructed in the 1870s and remained in the family until the early 1960s.  The ornate Italianate brick house is administered by the Radford Heritage Foundation.  Glencoe highlights the contributions of the Native Americans, early settlers, developing industries, and artisans to local history. Many wonderful artifacts from the Trigg site, a circa 1600-1675 contact-period Indian village, are on exhibit.  Beautiful Indian ceramics, pipes and shell ornaments, bone and stone tools, and European trade items tell the story of the Native Americans and their first encounter with the colonists. 

Open year-round Tuesday - Saturday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Sunday, 1 to 4 p.m.  Free admission.

Haller-Gibboney Rock House Museum
205 E. Tazewell Street
The Museums of Wytheville
115 W. Spillar Street
Wytheville, VA 24382
(276) 223-3330

The museum building is the 1823 home of Dr. John Haller, the first resident physician in Wythe County.   Many objects in the museum came from Dr. Haller and his descendants.  On exhibit are artifacts from excavations on the Rock House grounds.  Prehistoric artifacts from southwest Virginia will be on permanent display.

Open year round Monday - Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; and 3rd Saturday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.  Admission: $3 for adults, $1.50 for children.

Historic Crab Orchard Museum and Pioneer Park
Route. 1, P.O. Box 194
Tazewell, VA 24651
(276) 988-6755

Historic Crab Orchard consists of an archaeological site and a museum devoted to interpreting the history of human settlement in the region, along with 13 original log structures dating from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that have been relocated to the park. An exhibit on Native Americans interprets the results of excavations at the Crab Orchard site, a large late Woodland village, with displays of artifacts from that site and a diorama depicting the village. A wide range of historic period artifacts also are on display.

Open Monday - Saturday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. (closed Saturday, Christmas through March); Sunday, 1 to 5 p.m. from Memorial Day to Labor Day.  Admission: adults $8; children ages 6 to 11, $4; senior citizens,  $7; family rate, $22.50.

Historic Smithfield
1000 Smithfield Plantation Road
Blacksburg, Virginia 24060
(540) 231-3947

Smithfield is the eighteenth century framed home of Colonel William Preston and his wife Susana Smith Preston.  Built in 1774 on the edge of the frontier, the resident of this house played major roles in local and state politics, during both the Revolutionary and Civil Wars.  The Museum of Westward Expansion includes Native American artifacts from local sites, and historic artifacts found on the Smithfield site during archaeological investigations that located several outbuildings--the winter kitchen, a smokehouse, and the law office.  A summer camp for kids offers four one-week sessions on Colonial life, including an archaeological dig where children learn the process of searching for historic clues at a site.

Open from April - first week in December, Thursday - Saturday and Monday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday, 1 to 5p.m.  Group tours year-round by appointment.  Admission: $5 for adults, $3 for students, and $2 for children ages 5 to 12.

History Museum Of Western Virginia
P.O. Box 1904
Roanoke, VA 24008
(540) 342-5770

The exhibits at the Roanoke Valley History Museum depict the history of the Roanoke area. The Native American portion is presented through an examination of the local prehistory, using artifacts and sites studied within the Roanoke Valley and environs.

Open year-round Tuesday - Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday, 1 to 5 p.m.. Admission: $3 for adults, $2 for seniors, above 60, and children, ages 6 to18. 

Monacan Village at Natural Bridge
P.O. Box 57
Natural Bridge, VA 24578
(800) 533-1410
www.naturalbridgeva. com

In 1750, a young George Washington surveyed the Natural Bridge site for Lord Fairfax.  Since then the property has been owned by Thomas Jefferson and Colonel Henry Parsons.  Natural Bridge was one of the natural wonders of the New World that Europeans visited most during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.  The Monacan Indian Nation of Virginia has constructed a living history village complex.  Visitors step back in time 300 years and learn about Monacan canoe building, house construction, fishing, and gardening.

Natural Bridge is open everyday from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m..  The Monacan village is staffed April - November, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.  The village is open but unstaffed December - March.  Admission for the Monacan Village, Natural Bridge, Nature Park, and Drama of Creation: $12 adults, $6 children, children under 5 free.

Museum of the Middle Appalachians
P.O. Box 910
Saltville, VA 24370
(276) 496-3633

The main hall of the Museum of the Middle Appalachians features an interactive model of the Saltville Valley.  Surrounding the model are five permanent exhibits with the themes geology, the Ice Age, Woodland Indians, the Civil War, and Company Town.  The Woodland Indian exhibit is an extensive collection of shell and bone ornamentation and other artifacts uncovered locally.  Also on display are photographs of the Native American pictographs found on the rock face of a mountain in Tazewell County.  Civil War artifacts include a wide array of items left behind by the soldiers who fought in the two battles in the Saltville Valley.

Open year-round Monday - Saturday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Sunday 1 to 4 p.m.  Free admission. 

Pulaski County Courthouse
Main Street
Pulaski, VA 24301
(540) 980-7750

The Old Pulaski County Courthouse, built in 1896 from rugged stone quarried from nearby Peak Creek, is the dominant landmark in Pulaski.  It contains exhibits of Native American artifacts from all periods; pictures and artifacts from early settlers; and articles related to railroads, schools, churches, and early industries.  Occasional programs for school children occur during Pulaski County special events.

Open year-round Monday - Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., and by special request.  Free admission.

Salem Museum
801 E. Main Street
Salem, VA 24153
(540) 389-6760 

The Salem History Museum presents the history of the development of Salem. One exhibit features the results of excavations at the Graham-White Site, a fourteenth and fifteenth century and Contact Period Native American village site.

Open year-round Tuesday - Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Saturdays, noon to 5 p.m.  Free admission.

Science Museum of Western Virginia
Roanoke, VA 24011
(540) 342-5710

The Science Museum is dedicated to making the understanding of science available to the general public.  One exhibit depicts the ecological relationship of early humans, extinct mega-fauna, and the salt licks found in the Roanoke Valley.

Open year-round Tuesday - Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.  Admission: $8 for adults, $7 for seniors, $6 for children above 3 years of age.

Southwest Virginia Museum Historical State Park
10 W. First Street, North
P.O. Box 742
Big Stone Gap, VA 24219
(276) 523-1322

The Southwest Virginia Museum Historical State Park is housed in a four-story Victorian mansion built in the 1880s.  The displays feature the early development of Southwest Virginia.  More than 20,000 artifacts are in the collection, including Native American objects.

Open Memorial Day through Labor Day: Monday - Thursday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Friday 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday 1 to 5 p.m.  After Labor Day - December 31: same as above, except closed Mondays.  Closed Thanksgiving and Christmas and the months of January and February.  Admission: $3 for adults, $2 for children, ages 12 to 18.

Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest
Box 419
Forest, VA 24551-0419
(434) 525-1806

Poplar Forest is a 550-acre National Historic Landmark with a ca. 1806-1809 brick octagonal house, two early nineteenth century brick necessaries, and several later nineteenth century outbuildings. Sites dating from the Archaic Period to the twentieth century are located on the property, but the ongoing archaeological field work focuses on the period of Thomas Jefferson's ownership from 1773 to 1826. Public programs include: (1) changing exhibits on display in the window of the archaeology laboratory; (2) an exhibit building marking the site of a circa 1790-1812 slave cabin with accompanying interpretive signs; (3) panel exhibits in the basement of the house focusing on archaeological processes and research; and (4) two self-guided walking tours on slave life and landscapes with brochures and signs. Also various outreach programs as well as on-site educational programs and special activities.

Open Wednesday through Monday from April 1 - November 30, and all major holidays except Thanksgiving Day, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Archaeological field work is undertaken on-site year-round, but is most visible Monday - Friday, April - October. Admission: adults, $8, senior citizens, $6, youth ages 6 to 16, $1.

Virginia Museum of Natural History

1001 Douglas Avenue
Martinsville, VA 24112
(276) 666-8600

Virginia Museum of Natural History is a collections-based institution for natural history research and education. Archaeological collections consist of prehistoric artifacts recovered from a variety of sites in the Commonwealth. In addition to museum exhibits, public programs in archaeology include: (1) a week-long summer field session for early teens that provides training in archaeological methods; (2) a one-day program held annually in conjunction with Courthouse Day, offering exposure to archaeological excavation and Native American crafts; (3) a traveling exhibit on the archaeology of the Dan River People; (4) Indian Education Kits that teachers can borrow; (5) Indian Heritage Festival in September; and numerous outreach programs.

Open year-round Monday - Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Sunday, 1 to 5 p.m.  Closed on Thanksgiving and Christmas Day.  Admission:  $5 for adults, $4 for senior citizens and youth, ages 12 to 18, $3 for children ages 3 to 11.

Construction on a new museum at 21 Starling Avenue started on December 2, 2003.  It is anticipated that the new museum will be open to the public in late 2006.

Virginia's Explore Park
P.O. Box 8508
Roanoke, VA 24014
(540) 427-1800

This 1,100-acre educational and recreational facility includes a Monacan village that has been reproduced based largely on data retrieved from the Buzzard Rock archaeological site. Native American projectile points are on exhibit.

Open May - October, Wednesday - Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday, noon to 5 p.m.; open weekends only in April.  Admission: $8 for adults, $6 for senior citizens, and $5 for children ages 3 to 11.

Located at mile post 115 on the Blue Ridge Parkway near Roanoke, VA.

Wilderness Road Regional Museum
5240 Wilderness Road
P.O. Box 373
Newbern, VA 24126
(540) 674-4835

The museum consists of a complex of nineteenth century structures and interprets the history of the New River area.  The Harper Collection of Native American artifacts and historic artifacts from the late nineteenth century Back Creek Farm are on permanent display.

Open year-round Monday - Saturday, 10:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.; Sunday, 1:30 to 4:30 p.m.  Closed major holidays.  Admission: $2 for adults, $1 for children ages 6 to 12. 

Wolf Creek Indian Village and Museum
6394 N. Scenic Highway
Bastian, VA 24314
(276) 688-3438

Owned and operated by the Bland County Historical Society, Wolf Creek Indian Village and Museum consists of a reconstructed Native American palisaded village.   It is based on the results of excavating the nearby archaeological site, which dates to ca. 1215 according to the results of radio-carbon testing.   Guides dress in Native American attire and demonstrate the lifestyle and crafts of Late Woodland culture.  The museum exhibits artifacts excavated from the village site, as well as from sites throughout southwestern Virginia.

Open year-round daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., with the exception of Thanksgiving Day, Christmas, New Year's Day, and heavy snow days.  Admission for museum and village: $8 for adults, $5 for seniors, $5 for children ages 5 to 16.

Located on Route 52 just off of Interstate 77 at exit 58, near Bastian, Va.