Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

Greenbrier Chert



Greenbrier Formation chert, 44SC0095, Scott County, Virginia.

Type Cherts

Collection Location:
Greenbrier chert samples collected from the Pine Ridge area (site 44SC0095) in Scott County, Virginia.

Description
This chert is found primarily as nodules in the Mississippian aged Greenbrier Formation in southwest Virginia. The color of this material varies and includes: gray, brown, and black with shades of each color from light to dark. The nodules are not large and projectile points and tools made from this material are small. Tools often contain cortex.

Distribution
The chert is found on sites near the Greenbrier Formation in Southwest Virginia. Distribution beyond that is unknown.

Cultural Implications
Projectile points made from this material date from the Late Paleoindian, Early and Middle Archaic periods. Debitage analysis indicates that bipolar reduction was frequently used, probably a result of the small size of the chert nodules.

References

Prepared By Tolley 1999