Paste/Temper: Courtland Ware is untempered. Inclusive material consists of very fine particles of sand, probably naturally occurring in the clay. Texture is smooth and compact. Color ranges from a light gray to creamy buff. Vessels are well oxidized, giving them a light cream or buff color. Dark colors, when present, are due to smudging
Surface Treatment: Courtland Ware may be either plain or burnished. Plain vessels were smoothed both on the exterior as well as on the interior. There is evidence that the surface was first scraped and then smoothed. Burnishing was done with a narrow tool that left faint marks 5 to 10 mm wide. Many burnished sherds have a distinct luster. Burnished vessels occur predominately later in time
Vessel Form: Courtland vessels are shallow bowls, plates, or small mugs
Vessel Diameter: Mugs range in oral diameter from 7 to 13 cm. Plates range from 13 to 25 cm in diameter.
Vessel Height: Unknown
Rim Form: Rims vary from straight to outsloping. The outsloping form turns at the mouth to form a horizontal flange from the mouth to the lip. Lips may be square, rounded, or slightly scalloped on the flange form. Burnished rim sherds more often have square lips, scallops, and wider flanges.
Base Form: Flat bases with a ‘foot ring’ are the dominant form; however, rounded forms do occur.
Vessel Wall Thickness: Vessel walls are generally thin