Paste/Temper: The paste consists of a medium-fine clay. The texture is normally clayey and soft. However, examples of a sandy past variety of Mockley occurs in Virginia Beach, especially at 44VB0007, the Great Neck Site. Here the sandy paste may be fine, less than 1 mm, or medium 1.5 to 2.5 mm (Hodges 1998). Mockley vessels are tempered with coarsely crushed shell. Temper size varies from very fine to 5 mm thick. The shell tempering comprises 20 to 30 percent of the paste. Frequently the temper has been leached out, leaving flat angular holes of varying sizes. Surface colors range from reddish rust to reddish-tan to black through light brown or tan.
Surface Treatment: Exterior surfaces are usually net impressed or cord marked, and less frequently smoothed over. Net impressions resulted from malleation with loose, open knotted textiles. The knot spacing ranges from 2 to 6 mm apart. Some looped net has been identified at 44VB0007. Cord marking was produced with a cord-wrapped paddle. Impressions are oriented vertically, horizontally, diagonally, and occasionally in criss-cross patterns, or various combinations. Stephenson et al. (1963:106) note that cord marking was made with medium to coarse cordage that was loosely wrapped around a paddle at intervals of 3 to 10 mm. Hodges (1998) noted a few sherds at 44VB0007 that were an open-weave, weft-twined fabric. Interior surfaces are usually smoothed, but totally scraped, or smoothed-over scraped treatments have been reported.
Vessel Form: Mockley vessels are coil constructed with paddle-malleated surfaces. Bodies are hemispherical to conoidal or straight sided from the rim to the midpoint, and taper toward the base.
Vessel Diameter: Sherds and vessel sections suggest diameters of 20 to 35 cm.
Vessel Height: Vessels are 20 to 40 cm in height.
Rim Form: Lips are usually rounded or wedge shaped. Rims are vertical or slightly flaring, but inverted and everted forms have been found. Occasionally a pouring spout occurs.
Base Form: Bases are rounded or semiconical. Early forms of Mockley, especially on the Outer Coastal Plain, exhibit flat bottoms and would be considered part of Painter’s (1977, 1978) earlier Beaker Ware.
Vessel Wall Thickness: Rims are 6 to 10 mm thick. Bases are 10 to 19 mm thick. Vessel wall thickness varies from 8 to 11 mm.