Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

007-1147 Paine Run Rockshelter Archaeological Site

Paine Run Rockshelter Archaeological Site
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/16/1982

NRHP Listing Date 12/13/1985

NRHP Reference Number 85003170

Rockshelters along streams provided handy protection and shelter for Indians for many centuries. Representing at least 3,000 years of periodic small-scale occupation, the Paine Run rockshelter provides local evidence of stylistic and technological evolution in prehistoric stone projectile points and ceramics preserved there. It and the other prehistoric sites identified by a University of Virginia archaeologist in a 1976 survey of this area of the Shenandoah National Park demonstrate that the region was most heavily populated during the Late Archaic-Early Woodland periods but was little used in Late Woodland times. The site thus helps document that a major change in lifestyle occurred in the Blue Ridge before the coming of the Europeans.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: March 2, 2021