Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

063-0006 Criss Cross

Criss Cross
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 01/16/1973

NRHP Listing Date 05/11/1973

NPS property number 73002043

Virginia’s few surviving Stuart period houses generally follow traditional English vernacular forms of earlier decades and show little classical influence. Criss Cross, an engaging small manor house in rural New Kent County, reveals this phenomenon most clearly. Named for its cross-shaped plan, the story-and-half house, erected ca. 1690 for George Poindexter, is dominated by a two story projection containing the entrance and chamber above. A ca. 1790 rear wing may have replaced an original stair tower that would have made the house cross shaped originally. Irregularities in the brickwork tell of other alterations. Inside are rare exposed framing members and dec-orative details. Illustrating the persistence of traditional forms in remote areas is the decidedly postmedieval quality of the scroll carving on the post supporting a large summer beam, and the paneling of the entrance vestibule doors.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018