For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF
VLR Listing Date 03/18/1980
NRHP Listing Date 06/09/1980
NRHP Reference Number 80004168
This imposing Federal-style mansion on Red Hill Farm was built from profits amassed by Charles Ellis through various mercantile ventures. Ellis, whose family had owned the property since the 1750s, formed a partnership with Richmond businessman John Allan, foster father of Edgar Allan Poe. Completed in 1825, Red Hill was the home of Charles Ellis’s younger brother, Richard Shelton Ellis, who managed the family’s Amherst properties. The Adamesque detailing and formality of the spacious plan suggests that the Ellises were familiar with the grand Federal-style town houses then being erected in Richmond. The spiral stair is based on a design in Owen Biddle’s Young Carpenter’s Assistant, (1810), a work sold in Richmond. From 1869 to 1898 Red Hill was owned by the Presbyterian preacher/architect Robert Lewis Dabney. The 20th-century portico replaced an earlier porch.
Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark
Updated: September 16, 2021