The contrasting qualities of elegance, domesticity, and remoteness, all characteristic of Virginia’s colonial plantation life, are keenly felt at Tuckahoe. The eastern Goochland County plantation was one of several established by William Randolph of Turkey Island for his sons. His second son, Thomas, probably built the north wing ca. 1733. The south wing, connecting saloon, and carved woodwork were most likely added by Thomas’s son, William Randolph, following his marriage in 1734 to Maria Judith Page of Rosewell. The woodwork is colonial artistry at its best. North of the house is a row of early outbuildings forming a rare plantation “street.” The tiny schoolhouse is where Thomas Jefferson attended classes when his parents, Peter and Jane Randolph Jefferson, were at Tuckahoe. Tuckahoe remained in the Randolph family until 1830. In 1935 it was acquired by Mr. and Mrs. N. Addison Baker, whose descendants live there today.
One of the very first properties in Virginia to be listed in the National Register of Historic Places, and designated a National Historic Landmark, Tuckahoe has long been recognized as one of the finest examples of early-to-mid-18th-century domestic architecture representing the colonial period in the United States as well as Virginia. The architecture has been intensely studied, including dendrochronology analysis of the main house and survey of the numerous outbuildings. Tuckahoe is also an agricultural complex in continuous operation since the early 18th century. This unbroken history has extended its historic significance beyond the 18th century and includes those resources constructed through the mid-20th century. A 2019 update to the Tuckahoe nomination chronicles in greater detail the significant architectural features of the main house and the plantation grounds, expands the period of significance and the areas of significance to recognize the continuum of significant owners, agricultural operations, and historic events beyond the Randolph family’s ownership, and creates a comprehensive inventory of contributing and noncontributing resources on the property.
[NRHP Approved: 10/29/2019]
Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark