Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

118-5240 Presbyterian Orphans Home

Presbyterian Orphans Home
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/05/2007

NRHP Listing Date 06/24/2010

NPS property number 08000073

The Presbyterian Orphans Home, established in 1903 by a charter from the General Assembly, relocated to its present site in Lynchburg’s Peakland neighborhood in 1911. It was designed and built in a “cottage style” that organized children into small family-sized units within buildings, each with a cottage mother, in order to foster a family atmosphere. This arrangement was in stark contrast to the era’s prevalent institutional orphanages, which housed children in often overcrowded dormitories. The cottage style, intended to help children socialize and develop individual identities, helped change society’s view of orphanages by representing them as places that could shape productive future citizens. The six residential cottages, all designed in the Georgian Revival style, are arranged in a horseshoe pattern to emphasize a communal environment, and the campus includes ponds, pastures, and other buildings for recreation and administration. Notable architects Warren H. Manning and Charles Gillette designed the campus.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated October 3, 2018