Bessemer Archaeological Site

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NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


On the bottomlands of the James River, the Bessemer Archaeological Site has features dating to the fourteenth century A.D. Evidence of two distinct but overlapping Indian cultures has been identified including an indigenous Dan River phase palisaded village and an intrusive Page phase village, whose people migrated from the north. The site also preserves well-defined remains of rectangular and circular houses, storage pits, and human burials, along with floral and faunal remains. Further archaeological investigation should add to the knowledge of the region’s prehistoric community organization and cultural interactions.

Last Updated: February 26, 2024

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VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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