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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

053-0091 Oakham Farm

Oakham Farm
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/10/2015

NRHP Listing Date 02/02/2016

NPS property number 15001039

Oakham Farm dates to around 1790, its earliest construction date. The 100-acre property features a Greek Revival residence with later-incorporated Classical Revival elements, a schoolhouse, and agricultural dependencies. It illustrates social and economic changes in Loudoun County from its antebellum slavery-based agriculture through to an early 20th-century gentrification that emerged with the arrival of wealthy Northerners who had a passion for the Virginia hunt country. Oakham Farm is also significant for its association with Col. John Singleton Mosby, who initiated the Confederate guerilla group Mosby’s Rangers in Oakham’s parlor during the Civil War. A legendary cavalry unit during the war, it is commemorated today by the Mosby Heritage Area, Virginia’s first such designated heritage area. Oakham’s former owner Eugenia Fairfax, who died in 1966, was an early preservation leader in the county, and left her mark on the house when she oversaw its extensive Classical Revival renovations in 1927.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018