Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

053-0984 Arcola Slave Quarters

Arcola Slave Quarters
Photo credit: Elizabeth André, 2007

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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/18/2008

NRHP Listing Date 11/26/2008

NRHP Reference Number 08001113

Because so little remains of African American material culture from the late-18th and early-19th centuries, the Arcola Slave Quarters represents an important part of the history of African Americans in Virginia and Loudoun County. The building consists of two sections that are not connected internally, possibly indicating that it was constructed to house two families. In a class of buildings of dwindling number in Virginia, the quarters, built around 1800, survived partly thanks to its construction in stone, an uncommon material for slave houses. Arcola sits at its original location on land that was part of the Lewis Plantation, downhill from where the main house stood (the original residence was replaced in 1930); thus, the dynamic between master and slave can still be read on the landscape. After the Civil War, a family of freed slaves stayed on the plantation as tenant farmers, perhaps living in the slave quarters. This arrangement likely ended around 1900, when the property was sold. Evidence suggests the Arcola Slave Quarters was also used for agricultural and storage purposes through much of the 20th century.

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: May 11, 2022