Paeonian Springs Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The Paeonian Springs Historic District, about four miles west of Leesburg and at the base of the Catoctin Mountain in Loudoun County, encompasses nearly three dozen structures that date mostly from between 1900 and 1910. Established by entrepreneurs who marketed its “healthful” spring waters, Paeonian Springs was conveniently located on the Washington and Ohio Railroad, which connected the area with metropolitan Washington, D.C.  This offered an ideal opportunity to establish a village for affluent families desiring to escape D.C.’s humid summers. The railroad also made possible shipment of bottled spring water to D.C.’s increasingly health-conscious residents. The community thrived for about 30 years, after which time strict federal regulations for bottled water, as well as the advent of the automobile, reduced the village’s commercial activities and residential popularity. Although the train station is gone and the rail line has been converted to a bike trail, many of the structures from Paeonian Springs’s heyday survive, including grand mansions, simple bungalows, two hotels or boardinghouses, some commercial stores, an early 20th-century school building, a water bottling plant, and a public springhouse.

Last Updated: October 16, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


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