Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

062-0052 Oakland

Oakland
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/08/2006

NRHP Listing Date 05/03/2006

NPS property number 06000355

Situated on U.S. 29 in Nelson County about four miles south of Lovingston, Oakland, circa 1838, is an example of an early 19th-century ordinary or tavern, originally sited on a national stage route that linked Washington, D.C., to Lynchburg and other destinations to the south and southwest. Set prominently on a small hill and mixing Federal and Greek Revival styles, the simple house, with an English basement, was known as Mitchell’s Brick House Tavern. Offering lodging, food and beverage, and livery, it operated from 1838 to approximately 1850. The house today, essentially unchanged since that era, evokes how travelers were accommodated and entertained during the 1840s. After the advent of the James River canal and a railroad in Nelson County, the ordinary was sold to a prominent and wealthy physician, Dr. Arthur Hopkins, who named his gentleman’s plantation “Oakland.” The Civil War soon ended Oakland’s elegant pretensions; without slaves and unable to pay taxes, Hopkins’ heirs sold the property to William H. Goodwin in 1872. Thereafter, it remained in the Goodwin and Coco family, a working farmhouse until its purchase, along with 11.63 acres, by the Nelson County Historical Society in the summer of 2004.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated October 2, 2018