Woodson’s Mill, located along the Piney River adjacent to the border with Amherst County, is Nelson County’s only water-powered mill to remain in operation into the 21st century. A mill was first erected here in 1794 by Guilford Campbell. It was largely rebuilt around 1845 by the Fulcher family. Further alterations were made after the Civil War by Nathan Taliaferro. For over a century, Woodson’s Mill remained an important feature of the Nelson County countryside, providing essential service to a small agricultural community. In 1900, Dr. Julian B. Woodson, a local physical, orchardist, and state legislator, purchased the mill and added patent roller mills alongside the existing millstones, producing fine white flour that was shipped throughout the region. Dr. Woodson also maintained a dental office in the mill building. For the first half of the 20th century, Woodson’s Mill was not only a gristmill but operated as a cider press, ice plant, blacksmith shop, and sawmill. Restored in 1983, this remarkably intact example of a water-powered, post-and-beam gristmill, is again in regular operation and has become a tourist attraction.
Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark