Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

253-5020 Carlheim

Photo credit: David Edwards/DHR, 2021

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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 10/16/1979

NRHP Listing Date 12/28/1979

NRHP Reference Number 79003050

Carlheim is a large Victorian country house (now within the boundaries of the incorporated town of Leesburg) dating from the 1870s, a period when few important dwellings were erected in Virginia because of the economic deprivation resulting from the Civil War. The thirty-two-room stone house, combining the Italian Villa style with the Second Empire mode, was designed by Henry C. Dudley of New York for Charles R. Paxton, a Pennsylvania industrialist. The interior is well appointed with stone mantels, plasterwork ceiling medallions, and a grand staircase. To assure comfort, the Loudoun County house was equipped with central heating, hot and cold running water, and carbide gas lighting. The mansard roof atop the tower was destroyed by lightning in recent years. Among the outbuildings is a peacock house. Known currently as the Paxton Child Development Center, the property is now a preschool and day-care center.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: April 19, 2021