Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

259-0162 Middleburg Historic District

Middleburg Historic District
Photo credit: David Edwards/DHR, 2021

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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/15/1981

NRHP Listing Date 10/29/1982

NRHP Reference Number 82001823

The physical and psychological heart of Northern Virginia’s hunt country, Middleburg is a compact and fastidious village retaining the qualities of its early years. Founded in 1787 by Leven Powell, a Revolutionary War officer and regional Federalist leader, the town developed as a coach stop and relay station on Ashby’s Gap Turnpike, becoming by the mid-19th-century a commercial center for lower Loudoun and upper Fauquier counties. The town saw frequent Civil War cavalry action and won a reputation for fierce Confederate loyalty but afterwards it declined in fortune and population. By the second decade of the 20th century, it assumed a new identity as a social and equestrian center. With its tree-lined streets, brick sidewalks, and harmonious scale, the town has a diverse collection of late-18th- to early-20th-century architectural styles highlighted by early stone and brick structures.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: April 15, 2021