Middleburg Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The physical and psychological heart of Northern Virginia’s hunt country, the Middleburg Historic District, within the compact and fastidious southern Loudoun County  village of Middleburg, retains the qualities of its early years. Founded in 1787 by Leven Powell, a Revolutionary War officer and regional Federalist leader, the town developed as a coach stop and relay station on Ashby’s Gap Turnpike, becoming by the mid-19th-century a commercial center for lower Loudoun and upper Fauquier counties. The town saw frequent Civil War cavalry action and won a reputation for fierce Confederate loyalty but afterwards it declined in fortune and population. By the second decade of the 20th century, it assumed a new identity as a social and equestrian center. With its tree-lined streets, brick sidewalks, and harmonious scale, the Middleburg Historic District has a diverse collection of late-18th- to early-20th-century architectural styles highlighted by early stone and brick structures.

Last Updated: January 10, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Ball’s Bluff Battlefield Historic District and National Cemetery

(NHLs) Virginia's National Historic Landmarks


Philomont Historic District

Loudoun (County)


Union Street School

Loudoun (County)