Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

286-5017 Locust Grove

Locust Grove
Photo credit: W. Scott Smith, 2006

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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/06/2006

NRHP Listing Date 02/21/2007

DHR Virginia Board of Historic Resources Easement

NRHP Reference Number 07000083

Located on three acres of land that are now within the boundaries of the incorporated town of Purcellville in Loudoun County, Locust Grove is an evolved farmhouse of native fieldstone primarily built in two periods, 1817 and 1837. The house and collection of outbuildings exemplify the rural development of the county during the 19th century and well into the 20th century. The property was in the possession of just two Loudoun Quaker families, the Taylors and the Nicholses, for over 150 years. Each generation altered the house to make it livable and comfortable, while preserving much of its original architectural quality and character. The property is also closely associated with the development of farming practices during its lifespan. Livestock farming and grain cultivation were the main activities in the 19th century, though dairy farming continues to this day. In the surrounding fields, the Loudoun System of farming was practiced, which involved the application of locally ground plaster to the fields. The remaining outbuildings on the Locust Grove property include a barn, a springhouse, an early garage, a stone watering trough, and a stone chimney, once part of a domestic building.

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: June 30, 2022