Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

401-0123 Waterford Historic District

Waterford Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 05/13/1969

NRHP Listing Date 06/03/1969

NHL Listing Date 04/15/1970

NPS property number 69000256

Nestled in the countryside of Loudoun County’s northern tip, Waterford developed as a 19th century Quaker milling community. The village traces its origins to circa 1733 when Amos Janney and other Friends arrived from Pennsylvania and established a mill complex. By the 1830s, Waterford was a flourishing community of some seventy houses with a tannery, chairmaker, and boot manufacturer, along with shops and a tavern. Commerce declined by the early 20th century, leaving Waterford a remarkably preserved hamlet free of modern intrusions. Its quiet shady streets remain lined with examples of regional vernacular styles, both freestanding and attached, in a variety of materials including brick, stone, and log. A mid-19th century mill stands at the north edge of town. Aggressive preservation efforts by the Waterford Foundation since the 1940s have maintained the town’s unique character. At the time of its listing, sixty properties in the district were protected by preservation easements.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 16, 2019