Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

000-0004 Fort Myer Historic District

Fort Myer Historic District
Photo credit: Eric Griffitts, 2013

*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 06/19/1973

NRHP Listing Date 11/28/1972

NHL Listing Date 11/28/1972

NRHP Reference Number 72001380

First called Fort Whipple, Fort Myer in Arlington County was originally part of the network of defenses protecting Washington, D.C., during the Civil War. The signal school started there in 1869 under Gen. Albert J. Myer, for whom the fort was named when he died in 1880. Fort Myer evolved into a cavalry post in 1887 and eventually became a permanent army post. Within the landscaped complex is a handsome collection of late-19th- and early-20th-century residential quarters and administration buildings. Most important of the post’s numerous structures is the row of six large residences erected in the 1890s lining Grant Avenue known as Generals’ Row. Here are the official quarters of the army chief of staff (Quarters 1, Fort Myer), the air force chief of staff, and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Test flights conducted at Fort Myer by Orville Wright in 1909 led to the army’s adoption of the airplane as a military weapon.

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: August 2, 2022