Lyon Park Historic District was originally part of the growing Arlington County community of Clarendon before it eventually became a separate community after 1919, when developer Frank Lyon subdivided a 300-acre tract into 1,200 building lots. After the success of the first phase of development, Lyon continued expanding Lyon Park to the east, south, and west, with the final portion platted in 1951. The growth of this middle-class suburban community was primarily tied to the arrival of commuter railways and streetcar lines that provided convenient daily access to Washington, D.C. Designed by engineer and landscape architect William Sunderman, the Lyon Park neighborhood’s streets are laid out in a grid pattern, with intermittent curvilinear streets near its core. The community is defined by a variety of architectural forms and styles, and the structures range in date of construction from the 1890s to infill housing built at the turn of the 21st century. Lyon Park contains Arlington County’s greatest concentration of Colonial Revival buildings dating from World War I to World War II, and also includes two churches, a community house, park, and a commercial center.
Within each of the planned communities of Arlington County, smaller roads and streets that extended from the major routes into the neighborhoods were adapted for commercial use. This is particularly evident along Washington Boulevard and North Pershing Drive in Lyon Park. A 2008 amendment to the Lyon Park Historic District nomination clarified the contributing status of a commercial building along Pershing Drive.
[VLR Approved: 7/17/2007; NRHP Approved: 4/23/2008]
Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark