AU-154, Site near Paine Run Rock Shelter

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


A functionally varied prehistoric site with high artifact density, this small area along the bank of Paine Run probably served as a staging ground for Native Americans’ seasonal movement into the Blue Ridge in Archaic times. The site was discovered in 1976 as part of a systematic survey of Paine Run undertaken by the Laboratory of Archaeology of the University of Virginia. Abundant comparative data from this and other sites near Paine Run offer archaeologists an almost unparalleled opportunity to investigate the effects of altitude on prehistoric hunting and domestic patterns on the western face of the mountains. Its high frequency of red jasper artifacts is unique in the Shenandoah National Park and suggests early Paleo-Indian occupation (9500 B.C. to 8000 B.C.) of the site.

Last Updated: February 26, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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