Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

009-0135 Olive Branch Missionary Baptist Church

Olive Branch Missionary Baptist Church
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/07/2007

NRHP Listing Date 05/04/2007

NPS property number 07000392

The congregation of the Olive Branch Missionary Baptist Church was formed in 1881, though the current building dates to circa 1896. Sitting atop the charming frame T-shaped building is its original bell tower, topped by an unusual tin fixture resembling a fleur-de-lis with a spire reaching skyward. The original four African American trustees, from the Pullen and Broad families, all born before Emancipation, received the land from the Meads, the former white owners of the land. The church’s original membership was drawn from the farming families of the surrounding area. It is evocative of the Black Baptist Missionary movement, known in Virginia from about 1815, which held as its most important traditions home missionary activity and Sunday school instruction. Olive Branch is the home church of the Reverend Noel C. Taylor, Roanoke’s first and only African American mayor, and is where he delivered his first trial sermon in 1955. A small cemetery is on the church grounds, containing six post-1960 graves, as well as several other unmarked fieldstones no longer in their original positions.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated August 21, 2018