Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

011-0038 Wheatland Manor

Wheatland Manor
Photo credit: Calder Loth/DHR, 2002

*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 10/08/1991

NRHP Listing Date 02/05/1992

NRHP Reference Number 91002040

Wheatland Manor is among the most substantial and well-finished antebellum residences in Botetourt County. Although the Federal-style interior woodwork is relatively understated, the later two-tier Doric gallery shows the builder’s knowledge of the Greek Revival style at its finest. The house was built in the 1820s when the brothers Joel, Jesse, and Silas Rowland jointly owned the property. Deputy sheriff Rufus Pitzer purchased the house along with a gristmill and a sawmill from Silas Rowland’s son in 1851. Pitzer dressed up the fa├žade by adding the gallery. It was also during Pitzer’s ownership that a half-mile-long limestone retaining wall was constructed along the county road. After the Civil War, Wheatland Manor was home to Jacob Cronise, the county’s leading cattle farmer. Wheatland Manor underwent restoration at the end of the 20th century.

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: December 29, 2021