Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

011-0038 Wheatland Manor

Wheatland Manor
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 10/09/1991

NRHP Listing Date 02/05/1992

NPS property number 91002040

Wheatland Manor is among the most substantial and well-finished antebellum residences in Botetourt County. Although the Federal-style interior woodwork is relatively understated, the later two-tier Doric gallery shows builder’s Greek-Revival at its finest. The house was built in the 1820s when the brothers Joel, Jesse, and Silas Rowland jointly owned the property. Deputy sheriff Rufus Pitzer purchased the house along with a grist mill a saw mill from Silas Rowland’s son in 1851. Pitzer dressed up the facade by adding the gallery. It was also during Pitzer’s ownership that a half-mile-long limestone retaining wall was constructed along the county road. After the Civil War, Wheatland Manor was home to Jacob Cronise, the county’s leading cattle farmer. The house is currently undergoing restoration.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018