Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

020-0006 Bellona Arsenal

Bellona Arsenal
Photo credit: Calder Loth, 2022

*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 01/05/1971

NRHP Listing Date 05/06/1971

NRHP Reference Number 71000975

An iron foundry was established at Bellona Arsenal in 1814 by Maj. John Clarke, and was served by the nearby coal mines of Chesterfield County. Three years later Clarke was instrumental in having the federal government establish an arsenal adjacent to the foundry. Named for the Roman goddess of war, Bellona Arsenal was used for storing munitions produced in Clarke’s foundry. The arsenal was abandoned in 1832, but the foundry survived and eventually was leased by the Confederate government for the production of ordnance. Today, four of the arsenal’s eight major buildings remain. Three of these, grouped around a quadrangle, have been converted to residences. Nearby stands a roofless, ninety-foot-long granite powder magazine (pictured). Also on the property are the ruins of two smaller buildings and several archaeological sites. The whole assemblage at Bellona Arsenal is one of the state’s most significant early 19th-century industrial complexes.

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VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: June 22, 2022