Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

030-0135 Number 18 School in Marshall

Number 18 School in Marshall
Photo credit: David Edwards/DHR, 2021

*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 07/02/1997

NRHP Listing Date 11/07/1997

NRHP Reference Number 97001405

Number 18 School is the only unaltered one-room schoolhouse surviving in Fauquier County. Built in 1887 on land donated by Samuel Fisher Shakelford, the school was operated for white children until a new school was built at Marshall in 1907 as part of the move towards consolidation. It served as one of 31 elementary schools for African American children, and was the last African American elementary school in Fauquier County to close in 1964. Only seven of the 31 one-room buildings were left in 1964. Most likely one of the few schools of this age and size left in the state, the Number 18 School illustrates the concept of free public education introduced during the Reconstruction Era. The building is undergoing restoration spearheaded by the Fauquier Heritage Society.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark


Updated: April 13, 2021