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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

030-5157 Markham Historic District

Markham Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/14/2005

NRHP Listing Date 11/17/2005

NRHP Reference Number 05001261

The Markham Historic District is located on the upper reaches of Goose Creek, an important power source for milling operations in northwestern Fauquier County during the 19th century. The community was known initially as North Point because it marked the northernmost stop on the stage road connecting it to Culpeper courthouse to the south. Railroad pioneer Edward C. Marshall, son of Chief Justice John Marshall and the first president of the Manassas Gap Railroad, renamed the town Markham in the 1850s. During the Civil War, Federal and Confederate forces fought for control of Markham because of its strategic location.  Today the district is significant for its surviving and remarkably unaltered architectural fabric, which includes a railroad station, a post office, several stores, an early mill, and a hotel and rooming houses that that once accommodated railroad travelers. In addition to its connection with Marshall, the village is significant for its association with Confederate General Turner Ashby, who is believed to have operated a mill there prior to the war.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 14, 2020