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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

030-5157 Markham Historic District

Markham Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/14/2005

NRHP Listing Date 11/17/2005

NPS property number 05001261

Located on the upper reaches of Goose Creek, an important power source for milling operations in northwestern Fauquier County during the 19th century, Markham Historic District began its community life as “North Point,” as it marked the northernmost stop on the stage road that connected the community with the Culpeper courthouse to the south. By 1850, the emerging village was renamed Markham by railroad pioneer Edward C. Marshall, son of Chief Justice John Marshall and first president of the Manassas Gap Railroad. During the Civil War, Federal and Confederate forces fought for control of Markham because of its strategic location at the foot of the Blue Ridge Mountains on the Manassas Gap Railroad, a line that linked the eastern portion of the state with the Shenandoah Valley, and at the intersection of Barbee’s Cross Roads (Rte. 688) and the Markham Road (U.S. 55). Today the district is significant for its surviving and remarkably unaltered architectural fabric, which includes a railroad station, a post office, several stores, an early mill, and a hotel and rooming houses that that once accommodated railroad travelers. In addition to Marshall, the village is also significant for its association with Confederate General Turner Ashby, who is believed to have operated a mill there prior to the war.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018