Orlean Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The Orlean Historic District is surrounded by pristine rolling farmland and was originally part of Thomas Lord Fairfax’s Leeds Manor. The district contains about two dozen properties of varied architectural styles dating from the late-18th century to the mid-20th century, including commercial buildings, churches, a post office, a former school, and multiple residences along with their outbuildings. The earliest building, constructed in phases between 1795 and 1812, is the Orlean Farm House, which was associated with the Smith family, prominent landowners and businessmen in Orlean. John Puller Smith, who completed the house’s construction, was involved in the establishment of a commercial center in the village. Largely due to his efforts, in 1817 Orlean was selected as the first post office in Fauquier County.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Silver Hill Baptist Church and School

Fauquier (County)


African American Resources in Fauquier County, Virginia, 1865–1973

(MPD) Multiple Property Document


Upperville Colt & Horse Show Grounds

Fauquier (County)