Old Grayson County Courthouse and Clerk’s Office

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Grayson County’s seat was established at this site in Old Town, near the city of Galax, in 1799. The second courthouse, a log structure, was built soon after. A diminutive clerk’s office was erected in 1810. In 1833 the county commissioned James Toncray to construct a brick courthouse. Toncray, a leading builder of courthouses in Southwest Virginia, constructed Wythe County’s courthouse in 1818 (demolished) and Scott County’s courthouse in 1829. He built courthouses for Montgomery and Floyd counties (both demolished) at the same time he was working on the Grayson County structure. Toncray employed a tripartite composition, using two-story wings, for each of his courthouses. The Old Grayson County Courthouse became a private residence after the county seat was moved to the town of Independence, and a new Grayson County Courthouse constructed in 1908. It later was used as a hotel and eventually for a barn. The Old Grayson County Courthouse and the Clerk’s Office were privately restored in 1988.

Last Updated: November 27, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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Nomination Form


Spring Valley Rural Historic District

Grayson (County)


Stephen G. Bourne House

Grayson (County)


Brookside Farm and Mill

Grayson (County)