Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

042-0030 Scotchtown

Photo credit: Calder Loth, 2019

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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/09/1969

NRHP Listing Date 10/15/1966

NHL Listing Date 12/21/1965

NRHP Reference Number 66000835

Patrick Henry, the Revolutionary orator, made his home at this Hanover County plantation from 1771 to 1778, when he was active in shaping the course of events leading to American independence. Henry also was living at Scotchtown when he was elected Virginia’s first non-royal governor in 1776. The barn-like house was built ca. 1719 as the country residence of Charles Chiswell of Williamsburg. Dolley Payne, later the wife of James Madison, lived here as a child. Scotchtown is probably the largest one-story colonial house in Virginia, with eight rooms and a center passage all on one floor. The otherwise plain exterior is given visual interest by the use of a jerkinhead roof. Scotchtown was rescued from deterioration in 1958 when it was acquired by the Hanover Branch of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (now Preservation Virginia). The carefully restored property is now a museum.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: May 17, 2021