Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

042-0120 Selwyn

Selwyn
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 03/19/2003

NRHP Listing Date 05/22/2003

NPS property number 03000445

Selwyn stands among the county’s Civil War battlefields and was witness to the events of the war in 1862 and in 1864. The house was used as headquarters and a hospital first by Union and then by Confederate armies in 1862 during McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign. During the 1864 Battle of Cold Harbor, the house again served as a hospital. It is one of the best examples of a house that demonstrates the evolution from the Federal to the Greek Revival style. A handsome frame dairy stands in the side yard. The center three-bay section is flanked by two-story galleries that served as open-air sleeping and living rooms for the patients and reflect special designs dictated by contemporary tuberculosis treatment. The administration building is a small Bungalow-style dwelling with a complex plan and roofline. It was built of structural tile covered with stucco and has a classical frontispiece main door. The laundry/garage is a one-story outbuilding contemporary with the house. It is sheathed in weatherboards and has a cove cornice above a row of vertical vents on all sides.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018