Rock Hill Farm

Loudoun (County)

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NHL Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Rock Hill Farm, located in the rolling Piedmont landscape of Loudoun County, was built as a Quaker-plan dwelling in 1797—as noted on a date stone found in the building’s gable—by Abner Humphrey, a non-Quaker, slaveholding local farmer. Humphrey appears to be responsible as well for the construction of the circa-1797 Pennsylvania-style barn, a tenant house, smoke­house, and sections of the 19th-century fieldstone fences. Descendants of Humphrey owned Rock Hill Farm until 1947, and the family is responsible for a majority of the post-1797 changes and additions made to the property, including a circa-1873 office/dairy, a corncrib, and a livestock shelter. Still retaining its original interior woodwork, the main dwelling, as well as the barn, testify to the influence of the area’s Quaker architectural and agricultural traditions on non-Quakers. The Rock Hill Farm property is under a conservation easement, ensuring its long-term preservation, and the antebellum buildings contribute to the Unison Battlefield Historic District.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Photo credit: Gardiner Hallock, 2009

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