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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

065-0053 Almshouse Farm at Machipongo

Almshouse Farm at Machipongo
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 09/12/2001

NRHP Listing Date 04/01/2002

NPS property number 02000317

Almshouse Farm at Machipongo is a complex of five contributing buildings dating from 1725 to the early 20th century. The 17-acre site was used continuously as an almshouse farm between 1803 and 1952. The oldest structure, a brick farmhouse built around 1725 with a wood-frame section added later, predates the property’s use as a poorhouse. A simple vernacular Greek Revival two-story building was constructed about 1840 as the almshouse with eight rooms on the first floor and 13 “guestrooms” on the second floor. In 1910, a single-story frame building with 10 guestrooms was built to serve as a poorhouse for African Americans. There are also two contributing sheds on the property. While most almshouses were closed throughout the state by the 1920s, Northampton County’s remained open until 1952.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated March 19, 2019