Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

074-0006 Flowerdew Hundred Plantation

Flowerdew Hundred Plantation
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 05/20/1975

NRHP Listing Date 08/01/1975

NPS property number 75002030

Flowerdew Hundred was among the earliest English settlements in the new world. The tract was granted in 1618 to Governor George Yeardley, who named it in honor of his wife, nee Temperance Flowerdew. It was here, on Windmill Point, that America’s first windmill was built ca. 1621, a fact commemorated by a 17th-century-style windmill constructed in the 1970s. The settlement survived the Indian massacre of 1622 and was occupied though the 18th century. The area was developed into a plantation following its purchase by the Willcox family in 1804. The property was the scene of an extensive archaeological investigation from 1971 to 1995 by the Flowerdew Hundred Foundation. The many sites include a complex of early 17th-century structures as well as evidence of Indian occupation dating from 9000 B.C.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated November 15, 2018