Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

077-0002 Back Creek Farm

Back Creek Farm
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 02/18/1975

NRHP Listing Date 05/21/1975

NPS property number 75002032

Back Creek Farm is a product of Southwest Virginia’s second generation of settlement. Nestled at the foot of Cloyd’s Mountain, the farm was established by Joseph Cloyd, whose pioneer parents were killed by Indians. The present house, a stately provincial Georgian mansion with finely caved woodwork, was built in the early 19th century on what Cloyd described as “the sun shiny ridge.” The outbuildings, including a brick dairy and a two story kitchen, are unusually large and well crafted. The antebellum stone barn, a Pennsylvania type, is one of the few stone barns to have been built in Southwest Virginia. War struck the farm in May 1864 when the battle of Cloyd’s Mountain was fought here. The house served as both a hospital and headquarters for Union general George Crook under whose command were captains and future presidents Rutherford B. Hayes and William McKinley.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018