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Virginia Department of Historic Resources

077-0022 Newbern Historic District

Newbern Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 02/18/1975

NRHP Listing Date 06/04/1979

NPS property number 79003073

This mile-long linear village is one of the region’s most picturesque and well preserved 19th century turnpike towns. Newbern was laid out in 1809 by Adam Hance with twenty nine lots along the Wilderness Road. Purchasers were required to build a house within two years “at least 16 feet square, 1 1/2 stories high of hewn logs with a stone or brick chimney.” The dominating house types—the two story rectangular log house and the two-story frame house, both sheathed in weatherboards–conform to these standards. These well-finished log buildings make the district representative not of a frontier settlement but of a second generation village. Newbern became the county seat in 1837. The courthouse burned in 1893 and county seat was removed to Pulaski, a more promising site on the railroad. Newbern then became and has since been a quiet residential community unmarred by modern development.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018