Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

077-0022 Newbern Historic District

Newbern Historic District
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 02/18/1975

NRHP Listing Date 06/04/1979

NRHP Reference Number 79003073

This mile-long linear village is one of the region’s most picturesque and well-preserved 19th-century turnpike towns. Newbern was laid out in 1809 by Adam Hance with twenty-nine lots along the Wilderness Road. Purchasers were required to build a house within two years “at least 16 feet square, 1 1/2 stories high of hewn logs with a stone or brick chimney.” The dominating house types—the two-story rectangular log house and the two-story frame house, both sheathed in weatherboards–conform to these standards. These well-finished log buildings make the district representative not of a frontier settlement but of a second generation village. Newbern became the county seat in 1837. The courthouse burned in 1893, and the county seat was removed to Pulaski, a more promising site on the railroad. Newbern then became and has since been a quiet residential community unmarred by modern development.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark


Updated: February 28, 2021