Black Horse Tavern (Bellvue Hotel and Office)

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NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Situated at the base of Read Mountain in northern Roanoke County, the circa 1782 Black Horse Tavern once provided lodging to settlers traveling on the old Carolina Road through the Roanoke Valley. Also known as the Wilderness Trail, the road was the primary route between Pennsylvania and the Yadkin Valley of North Carolina. The one-story, single-pen, log building features a narrow central hallway flanked by two equal-sized rooms. Today it stands as a rare surviving example of an early tavern in southwestern Virginia. The tavern later became part of a complex of buildings, including the circa 1840 temple-fronted Bellvue Office and the Bellvue Hotel [pictured above]. The large brick Greek Revival-style hotel, originally named Kyle’s Hotel after its owners, William and James Kyle, was constructed just south of the Black Horse Tavern in 1854.

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

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