Brownsburg Historic District

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


Established in 1783, the Rockbridge County village of Brownsburg was laid out on the lands of Robert Wardlaw and Samuel McChesney along a main stage line. By 1835 the community was a hub of activity, containing about twenty dwellings, a mill, three stores, two shoe factories, three wheelwrights, two blacksmith shops, two tailors, a tanyard, a saddlery, a cabinetmaker, a carpenter, and a hatter. Brownsburg lost commercial importance after 1884 when the Valley Railroad was built several miles to the east, initiating a slide into a long decline. Now a well-preserved but somnolent residential village, the Brownsburg Historic District is composed of buildings dating mostly before 1860, and from the period 1870-1910. Prevalent along the tree-shaded main road is the unembellished Valley Federal style, in both frame and brick construction, though several buildings have log cores. A noteworthy early dwelling in the Brownsburg Historic District is Sleepy Hollow, a ca. 1800 stone structure with an 1830s brick wing that is under a permanent preservation easement.

Last Updated: April 22, 2024

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Paxton House

Rockbridge (County)


Taylor-Kinnear Farm

Rockbridge (County)


Brown-Swisher Barn

Rockbridge (County)