Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

081-7171 Brown-Swisher Barn

Brown-Swisher Barn
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 06/18/2020

NRHP Listing Date 08/11/2020

NRHP Reference Number SG100005436

The Brown-Swisher Barn, in Rockbridge County’s Walkers Creek Valley, embodies the distinctive characteristics of bank barn (also known as Pennsylvania barn) construction, a form of Swiss origins that German settlers brought to the Shenandoah Valley. The Brown-Swisher Barn’s character-defining aspects include its placement against a bank to provide wheeled access to its upper level haymow, threshing floor, hay drops and forebay; the latter created by an overshoot or overhang of the lower level and foundation, resulting in one of the most distinctive elements of the bank barn form. The lower level consists of animal stalls with Dutch doors and slatted vents and an interior lane or run for livestock. Other notable features include pegged mortise-and-tenon timber-frame construction. A local barn builder erected the structure around 1918, during a nationwide agricultural boom sparked by World War I that increased local farm values.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated August 14, 2020