Bacon’s Castle

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NHL Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number


The nation’s outstanding example of high-style 17th-century domestic architecture, and the oldest documented house in the Commonwealth of Virginia, Bacon’s Castle was erected in 1665 for Arthur Allen. Pure Jacobean in form and detail, the house is distinguished by its cruciform plan, curvilinear gables, and diagonal chimney stacks. It acquired its present name in 1676, when, during Bacon’s Rebellion, the house was fortified by a group of Nathaniel Bacon’s followers. The house was modified in the 18th century when the first-floor paneling was installed and the windows were changed from casements to wooden sash. Further alterations occurred in the 1840s when a Greek Revival wing was added. The Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (now Preservation Virginia) purchased the Surry County property in 1973 and exhibits it as a museum. On the grounds of Bacon’s Castle is a vast formal garden, reconstructed from archaeological evidence of the original 17th-century garden.

Last Updated: May 27, 2024

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VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form

1975 NHL Nomination


Ball’s Bluff Battlefield Historic District and National Cemetery

(NHLs) Virginia's National Historic Landmarks


Town of Surry Historic District

Surry (County)


Covered Bridges NHL Context Study (MPD)

(MPD) Multiple Property Document