Virginia State Seal Virginia Department of Historic Resources

093-0165 Flint Run Archaeological District (Thunderbird Archaeological District)

Flint Run Archaeological District (Thunderbird Archaeological District)
Photo credit: DHR, ca 1995

*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 12/16/1975

NRHP Listing Date 12/22/1976

NHL Listing Date 05/05/1977

DHR's Virginia Board of Historic Resources easements

NRHP Reference Number 76002125

The Flint Run Archaeological District, a 2300-acre complex of sites in Warren County, is one of North America’s most significant archaeological areas. Research conducted by the Department of Anthropology of the Catholic University of America and the Thunderbird Research Corp. in the 1970s recorded prehistoric sites dating from the Paleo-Indian (9500 B.C.) through the Late Woodland (1600 A.D.) periods. Several stratified Paleo-Indian sites have been investigated and some of the western hemisphere’s earliest evidence of structures were discovered. The project, one of America’s few fully documented Paleo-Indian settlement patterns, has led to the development of chronological sequences for the middle Shenandoah Valley with ramifications for eastern North American regions in general. Two sites within the Flint Run Archaeological District, the Thunderbird Site and Site Fifty, have been listed as a National Historic Landmark with the designation “Thunderbird Archaeological District.”

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated: January 30, 2023