Flint Run Archaeological District (Thunderbird Archaeological District)

VLR Listing Date


NRHP Listing Date


NHL Listing Date


NRHP Reference Number

DHR's Virginia Board of Historic Resources easements

The Flint Run Archaeological District, a 2300-acre complex of sites in Warren County, is one of North America’s most significant archaeological areas. Research conducted by the Department of Anthropology of the Catholic University of America and the Thunderbird Research Corp. in the 1970s recorded prehistoric sites dating from the Paleo-Indian (9500 B.C.) through the Late Woodland (1600 A.D.) periods. Several stratified Paleo-Indian sites have been investigated and some of the western hemisphere’s earliest evidence of structures were discovered. The project, one of America’s few fully documented Paleo-Indian settlement patterns, has led to the development of chronological sequences for the middle Shenandoah Valley with ramifications for eastern North American regions in general. Two sites within the Flint Run Archaeological District, the Thunderbird Site and Site Fifty, have been listed as a National Historic Landmark with the designation “Thunderbird Archaeological District.”

Last Updated: June 2, 2023

Many properties listed in the registers are private dwellings and are not open to the public, however many are visible from the public right-of-way. Please be respectful of owner privacy.

VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

For additional information Read

Nomination Form


Ball’s Bluff Battlefield Historic District and National Cemetery

(NHLs) Virginia's National Historic Landmarks


Browntown Historic District

Warren (County)


Covered Bridges NHL Context Study (MPD)

(MPD) Multiple Property Document