Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

127-5679 Barton Heights Cemeteries

Barton Heights Cemeteries
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 06/14/2001

NRHP Listing Date 04/10/2002

NPS property number 02000364

Barton Heights Cemeteries are six contiguous, and originally separate, burial grounds that appear today as one cemetery. The individual cemeteries, originally known as Phoenix (Cedarwood), Union Burial Ground (Union Mechanics), Methodist, Sycamore, Ebenezer and Sons and Daughters of Ham, were established between 1815 and 1865. Members of black churches, fraternal orders, and benevolent organizations were plot owners. The cemeteries represent early efforts by African Americans to establish their own cemeteries through burial societies offering death benefits. The black insurance companies established in the late 19th century derived from these early burial societies. Hundreds of markers of various materials and in varying sizes and styles sparsely dot the cemetery, which includes the graves of many of Richmond’s prominent African American citizens—ministers, doctors, barbers, and councilmen. Known today as Cedarwood, the cemeteries are no longer actively in use.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated April 4, 2018