Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

150-5017 Smithfield

Smithfield
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For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 11/05/1968

NRHP Listing Date 11/12/1969

NPS property number 69000261

Smithfield was the home of William Preston (1729 1783), Revolutionary officer, surveyor, and member of the House of Burgesses, who was instrumental in opening up much of the region to settlement. His L shaped frame residence, built in the mid-1770s, is an expression of architectural sophistication on the edge of late 18th-century back country. Similar in design to a prosperous Tidewater Virginia plantation house, Smithfield has the generous scale and careful detailing typical of the colonial Virginia idiom, even boasting a stylish Chinese lattice stair railing. Preston’s son James Patton Preston and a grandson, John Buchanan Floyd, both of whom served as governors of Virginia, were born at Smithfield. The house was acquired by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities in 1959 and subsequently restored. It is a museum of the Preston family and their role in the life of early Southwest Virginia.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated August 7, 2018