Virginia State Seal

Virginia Department of Historic Resources

182-0002 Cape Charles Historic District

Cape Charles Historic District
*Click on image to enlarge.

For additional information, read the Nomination Form PDF

VLR Listing Date 08/15/1989

NRHP Listing Date 01/03/1991

NPS property number 90002122

Cape Charles was laid out in 1883-1884 at the southern terminus of the New York, Philadelphia, and Norfolk Railroad. The town owes its existence to its harbor, which, following dredging, enabled the railroad company to transport loaded cars by barge across the Chesapeake Bay to Norfolk. The town developed quickly and became the largest community on Virginia’s Eastern Shore at the turn of the century. Its buildings were constructed on a twenty-seven block grid dominated by a central park from which four landscaped streets extended. The remarkably intact architectural fabric ranges from small vernacular workers’ housing of the 1880s to early 20th-century architect designed commercial, residential, and municipal buildings. The preservation of the historic character was prompted by the cessation of freight and passenger ferries across the bay in the 1950s. Development was arrested and the town became frozen in time.


Abbreviations:
VLR: Virginia Landmarks Register
NPS: National Park Service
NRHP: National Register of Historic Places
NHL: National Historic Landmark

Updated August 27, 2018